Comprehensive Eye Exams


Comprehensive eye exams are vital to maintaining optimal eye health. Regularly undergoing eye exams is crucial for detecting vision problems (e.g., nearsightedness, astigmatism) to determine if you may need glasses or contact lenses. They can also reveal eye conditions such as cataracts or glaucoma in their early stages when they are easier to treat. Additionally, eye exams are beneficial for your overall health, as they can sometimes offer early clues to health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain forms of cancer.

The talented eye doctors at Vista Eye Specialists offer comprehensive eye exams for patients of all ages. Our family eye care team can determine how often you should schedule your eye exams based off of a variety of factors, including your health, vision needs, age, and family history.

What to Expect During Your Eye Exam

Eye Care in Fredericksburg & Culpeper, VADuring your eye exam, your doctor will ask you questions regarding your full medical history, including your eye health. You will also be asked to describe any vision problems you may be experiencing. Your eye exam will consist of a variety of eye tests to evaluate your eye health. You should plan on spending one to two hours at our office. Our doctors will determine the right tests for you based on your medical history and needs, so that we have a thorough and accurate evaluation of your eye health. Your eye exam may include any of the following tests:

  • Retinoscopy – uses light reflexes from you eye to approximate your glasses or contact lens prescription.
  • Refraction – fine-tunes your eyewear prescription by showing you a series of lens choices. This test helps determine your level of nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and/or presbyopia.
  • Auto refraction – evaluates the way an image is focused on your retina (the back portion of the eye where vision processing takes place) by stabilizing your head on a chin rest while you look at a pinpoint of light or other image.
  • Cover test – involves covering your eyes one at a time while you focus on a small object at a distance, so that the doctor can observe the movement of the eye. This test helps detect strabismus, poor depth perception, and other binocular vision problems.
  • Slit lamp exam – examines the health of your eyes by allowing the doctor to get a highly magnified image of the structures of the eye in order to thoroughly evaluate them for signs of infection or disease. As you rest your head on a chin rest, the doctor shines a light at your eye and looks through an ocular microscope to examine each part of the eye, including the front structures (lids, cornea, conjunctiva, iris, etc.) and the inside of the eye (retina, optic nerve, macula, etc). This test helps detect a whole range of eye conditions and diseases, including cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, corneal ulcers, diabetic eye disease and more.
  • Glaucoma intraocular pressure measurement – determines your intraocular pressure. The doctor will anesthetize your eye with a yellow/green drop and then manually determine your intraocular pressure by using a blue light instrument near the front of each eye.
  • Visual field test – detects blind spots in your peripheral vision. Blind spots can originate from eye diseases, like glaucoma, or develop from brain damage caused by stroke or tumor.
  • Dilation – drops are used to make the pupils larger in order for the doctor to get a better view of the internal structures of the eye using a variety of instruments and lights. During this time, your eyes will be sensitive to light and you will have difficulty focusing on objects. Dilation takes about 20 minutes; however, the effects can last up to several hours. Therefore, sunglasses should be worn to minimize glare and light sensitivity on your way home. If you may feel uncomfortable driving after dilation, please bring a driver with you.

Why You Should Choose Vista Eye Specialists for Your Eye Care Needs

Voted a Top Eye Doctor by Northern Virginia Magazine, Dr. Binoy Jani and the staff at Vista Eye Specialists are the preferred choice for patients seeking comprehensive eye care in Fredericksburg and Culpeper, Virginia. Our board-certified eye doctors combine experience with a compassionate and personalized approach to provide exceptional, family eye care for patients of all ages. To schedule an eye exam, please call 1-888-393-5264 today.

“Dr. Jani and his staff are professional, polite, and extremely competent. My experience with Dr. Jani was fantastic. I could not have asked for better care or a more favorable outcome.” – HealthGrades Patient Review