Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in the United States. Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve. When the pressure inside the eye rises, the optic nerve is damaged. The optic nerve connects the eye to brain, so that this affects the transmission of information from your eyes to your brain, resulting in eventual vision loss. The condition often develops over many years without causing pain or other noticeable symptoms so you may not experience vision loss until the disease has progressed. Once diagnosed, glaucoma may cause irreversible optic nerve damage and may lead to blindness if not treated. Early detection with a comprehensive eye exam is recommended to help prevent vision loss from glaucoma.
Unfortunately, most people do not notice symptoms until they experience some vision loss. Sometimes symptoms do occur, and may include:
- Blurred vision
- Loss of peripheral vision
- Halo effects around lights
- Painful and / or reddened eyes
- Nausea and / or vomiting
During your examination, your eye pressure, condition of the optic nerve, and peripheral vision will be measured. If signs of glaucoma exist, more tests will be conducted. At Vista Eye, our doctors use an infrared laser to measure the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer, which is the tissue directly affected by glaucoma. Thin nerve fiber readings may indicate the onset of glaucoma and the need for further testing. Dr. Jani will create a customized glaucoma treatment plan to help preserve and maintain the best possible vision for you. Regular eye exams help to monitor the changes in your eyesight and to determine whether you may develop glaucoma.
GLAUCOMA RISK FACTORS
People at high risk for glaucoma include those who are:
- Very nearsighted people (high myopia)
- People over the age of 40
- People with family history of glaucoma
- People with systemic diseases such as diabetes, anemia, or hardening of the arteries
- African-American or Hispanic race
- Long term steroid users
When glaucoma is detected early, glaucoma can be controlled and further vision loss can be prevented. Treatments to lower pressure in the eye include:
- Prescription eye drops
- Laser therapy
- Glaucoma surgeries, including filtering and drainage implants
At Vista Eye, we want you to know that glaucoma is a potentially serious eye disease and that we have the expertise to diagnose, manage, and treat all forms of this potentially sight threatening condition. Please contact Vista Eye for more information on glaucoma, or to schedule an appointment by calling toll free (888) 393-5264.